Chastain was named top supporting actress last year by the org, which also honored Bigelow, Boal and "The Hurt Locker" three years ago.
Philip Seymour Hoffman and Amy Adams of "The Master" each won kudos for supporting actor and actress, while the film's Mihai Malaimare Jr. won for cinematography and Jonny Greenwood did the same for original score.
"Lincoln" took two honors, for lead actor Daniel Day-Lewis and Tony Kushner's adapted screenplay. Foreign-film honors went to "Amour," top doc was "The Invisible War" and best animated feature was "ParaNorman."
Gerald Sullivan and Adam Stockhausen of "Moonrise Kingdom" earned recognition for art direction/production design.
Other honors awarded included two for "Beasts of the Southern Wild": Benh Zeitlin as most promising filmmaker and Quvenzhane Wallis for most promising performer.